牛津城市指南 | 旅游景点 | 旅游目的地和地图

牛津城市指南

英国最古老的大学城

假如没有牛津,就不会有《指环王》,我们也永远不会知道《爱丽丝漫游奇境》,而我们也会无缘一睹牛津作为英国最美城市之一的风采。这座学术城市有着800多年的历史,同时也洋溢着繁华都市的无穷魅力。

餐饮

牛津的悠久历史远远早于这里的知名景点。不要错过到牧师故居酒店用餐,据说奥斯卡·王尔德曾下榻此地;此外,您还可以到老鹰和小孩酒馆小酌,这里是JRR·托尔金和他的文学团体——Inklings定期会晤的场所。如果您想享用高档餐饮,可以前往附近的大弥尔顿村,那里有一家名为四季农庄(Le Manoir aux Quat’Saisons)的米其林2星级餐馆,由著名的法国大厨雷蒙·布兰克主理。

顶级景点

牛津是英语系国度中最古老大学的所在地。这里的38座学院都曾是世界领袖、圣者或诺贝尔奖获得者就读的地方,您可以追寻这些学者名人的足迹,漫步欣赏牛津美景。或者,您也可以造访牛津城堡了解囚犯们的牢狱生活,这里有着900年历史的地下室曾在1071-1996年间作为关押囚犯的地方。阿什莫林博物馆建于1683年,是世界上第一座公共博物馆。今天,这里已成为英国最重要的一座艺术和考古博物馆。

艺术与文化

牛津的大学楼宇中不乏英国建筑界的杰作。诗人马修·阿诺德称牛津为“梦幻般尖塔的城市”,指的就是这里大学建筑顶部的诸多尖塔。

其中有哪些亮点呢?博德利图书馆拉德克利夫图书馆以及克里斯多佛·雷恩爵士设计的谢尔登剧院。牛津的另一个文化亮点是一年中举办的众多大型活动,其中不容错过的有牛津文学节、牛津爵士乐节和牛津室内音乐节。

家庭游

您一定听说过以一个名叫哈利波特的魔法师命名的系列文学作品。牛津的景点与哈利波特电影有着深厚渊源,孩子们一定会乐于探访世界知名学院的另一面。牛津规模宏大的基督教堂学院大厅是影片中霍格沃茨魔法学校大厅的设计原型,而博德利图书馆、新学院和布伦海姆宫都曾作为哈利波特电影的取景地。

历史古迹

牛津的文学渊源赫赫有名,C.S.刘易斯、J.R.R.托尔金、奥斯卡·王尔德,出自这里的文学巨匠数不胜数。正是在这里,作家刘易斯·卡罗尔遇到了小女孩爱丽丝·利德尔,而她为这位作家的《爱丽丝漫游奇景》和《爱丽丝镜中奇遇》两部作品带来了创作灵感。这座城市还有众多的历史景点,不要错过诗人兼名匠威廉·莫里斯的旧居——凯尔姆斯科特庄园,以及令人称奇的布伦海姆宫,这里被认为是英国最精美的巴洛克式建筑之一。

音乐与夜生活

白天,牛津是一座安宁静谧的城市。但日落之后,这里热闹的酒吧、酒馆和音乐表演场所让城市焕发无限活力。要欣赏现场音乐表演,您可以前往Cowley路,O2 Academy就坐落于此。在市中心的乔治大街和莫德琳大街,您会看到该市多处最知名的酒馆,而在波西米亚风格的Jericho区,您可以得到别具特色的体验。

购物

如果您想感受与众不同的购物体验,牛津就是您的绝好选择。除了传统的主街店铺外,市中心还有一座有棚市场,这是一处由各种各样小铺子组成的热闹市场,出售从手工制作的礼品到牛津香肠以及古旧书籍等各种各样的商品。喜欢名牌服装的游客应前往著名的比斯特购物村。这是一处名品卖场购物村,包括亚历山大·麦昆、博柏利和迈宝瑞等超过130个高档品牌的商品全年以最低60%的折扣价格销售。

不为人知的珍宝

在牛津,随处都是 引人入胜的去处待您寻访。在牛津植物园,您可以坐在J.R.R.托尔金最喜欢的那棵树下——据说正是这棵树带给了托尔金灵感,创造出了《指环王》中“树人”的形象。在城中游览时,请您留意建筑物高处精雕细刻的滴水嘴兽和怪物雕像。这些神秘的面孔已有数百年的历史,您不妨通过游览,了解其中一些最著名雕像背后的故事。


OxfordFacts

Population
153,900
Region
South East England
Closest airport
London Heathrow Airport
Football club
Oxford United F.C
Famous locals
J.R.R. Tolkien, Lewis Carroll
Nearest towns / cities
Swindon, Northampton, London,...

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