For before leave and during your trip
If you have special medical needs, or in case you become unwell or require medical assistance during your trip, here is some advice and information for before you leave and during your stay.
If you want to bring medicine into the UK, first check that it is licensed for use. 携带药品入境时，必须使用制药厂商提供的正确药品外包装。 Otherwise, bring a letter from your doctor or a personal health record card giving details of the drug prescribed, in case it is queried by customs or you require additional supplies. Remember that some medicines available over-the-counter in other countries may be controlled in Britain, and vice versa.
For further information please contact HM Customs and Excise Advice Centre, Tel: +44 (0)20 8929 0152.
In Britain you can obtain prescription, and over-the-counter (non-prescription), medications as well as expert medical advice at pharmacies – often called chemists. 建议您在购药时带上医生开出的药品和药量处方。
Pharmacies are usually open from 09:00 to 18:00 Monday to Friday, 09:00 to 13:00 on Saturdays and limited availability on Sundays. However, in larger cities you will find a number of pharmacies open late during the week and on the weekend. For more information and to find a pharmacy near you, visit the National Health Service pharmacy information website.
You do not require an International Certificate of Vaccination when travelling to the UK, but you should check if one is needed on re-entry into your own country.
The level of food hygiene in Britain is very high, so you should simply observe the normal precautions when consuming food products, i.e. ensure it is thoroughly cooked, or that it is within the expiry date. The standard of water cleanliness is also very high, and in general kitchen water supplies, tap water in restaurants and ice cubes are safe drinking water. 另外，多数商店和超市都能买到瓶装水。
If you become ill while visiting Britain, you are eligible for free emergency treatment in the Accident and Emergency departments of National Health Service hospitals. However, if you are admitted to hospital as an in-patient, even from the accident and emergency department, or referred to an out-patient clinic, you will be asked to pay unless:
此类免费医疗仅限于以上国家公民或居民在英国旅游期间所急需的医疗措施。 我们强烈建议您在出行前购买充足的旅游医疗保险。 请与您的旅行社商议并确定适合您的旅游保险险种。
If you are unwell during your visit to Britain, first consult a pharmacist – also known as chemists. 他们将告诉您是否可以通过购买和使用非处方药（即不需要通过医生开处方即可以直接在药店柜台购买之药物）的方式来解决您的不适。 英国的Boots和Superdrug都是著名的全国性连锁医药商店。
医疗中心指位于伦敦的无须预约的私人医疗中心。 您不需要作任何预约就可以直接前往就诊。一般每个病人需要等候就诊的时间不超过20分钟。 经过诊疗后，您可以得到医生的新药和常用药处方。 详情请致电：+44 (0)870 6000870。 伦敦各大医疗中心的地址如下：
Victoria railway station
(Adjacent to Platform 15)
London SW1V 1JT
Open Monday-Friday 08:00-20:00, Saturday, Sunday 10:00-16:00
Waterloo railway station
London SE1 7LY
Open Monday-Friday 08:00-18:00
Plaza medical centre
120 Oxford Street
London W1N 9DP
Open Monday-Saturday 10:00-19:00
1-6 Old Jewry Street
London EC2R 8DN
Open Monday-Friday 08:00-19:00
Fenchurch Street medicentre
150 Fenchurch Street
London EC3M 6BB
Open Monday-Friday 08:00-16:00
NHS walk-in centres offer healthcare advice, information and treatment for minor injuries and illnesses. 病人无须预约就可在此得到经验丰富的英国国家医疗机构护士的诊疗服务。 此类就诊中心遍及英国，向社会公众开放服务。 They are located throughout England, with 8 centres in London.
Note: NHS walk-in centres are open to overseas visitors but a charge may be made.